Our theme beds draw on the traditions of monastery gardens: medicinal herbs, culinary herbs, dye herbs, herbal aphrodisiacs, herbs that lure butterflies and bees, or herbs of myths and legends.
GARDEN OF MEDICINAL HERBS
Since time immemorial, plants have been used to heal people and animals. Herbs play an important role in natural healing, in phytotherapy, and alternative medicine. The individual beds are planted with herbs that heal certain parts of the body:
Skin and wound healing (aloe, comfrey, plantain, St John’s wort, pot marigold, chamomile, oats, evening primrose, castor oil plant, common thyme)
Nerves, sleep, sedatives (melissa, valerian, oats, oregano, thyme, hops, water hyssop, five-leaf ginseng, rosemary, lemon verbena, lemon grass, mint)
Muscles and bones (meadowsweet, verbena, evening primrose, comfrey, valerian, thyme, common thyme, restharrow, rosemary, lavender, coriander, five-leaf ginseng, water hyssop)
Digestive system, liver, gallbladder, (chamomile, melissa, fennel, oregano, liquorice, rhubarb, mint, thyme, common thyme, pot marigold, milk thistle, wormwood, sage, St John’s wort, coriander, sweet basil, lovage, lemon verbena, lemon grass, savory, dill, marjoram, five-leaf ginseng)
Kidneys, bladder, potency (goldenrod, cranberry, meadowsweet, willowherb, pumpkin, restharrow, purple loosestrife, nasturtium, hyssop, parsley, gynura)
Lungs and respiration (thyme, mint, sage, melissa, blue bugle, chamomile, hyssop, oregano, echinacea, mullein, comfrey, garlic, Aztec sweet herb)
Heart and blood circulation (foxglove, melissa, poppy, five-leaf ginseng, lemon grass, lemon verbena, gynura, bugle)
GARDEN OF FRAGRANCES
Aromatic plants containing essential and ethereal oils, used in aromatherapy (giant hyssop, lily-of-the-valley, sweet william, dwarf everlast, damask violet, Roman chamomile, lavender, melissa, catnip, sweet-basil, geranium, rose, rosemary, rue, sage, santolina, soapwort, common thyme, thyme, evening primrose, calamint, hyssop, bee balm)
D KITCHEN GARDEN
Plants used for cooking, both fresh and dried (chives, dill, garden angelica, cilantro, celery, wormwood, tarragon, asparagus, garden orache, borage, pot marigold)
E GARDEN OF MYTHS AND LEGENDS
Plants as symbols connected with the myths and legends of human civilization. The plants grown here can be found in medieval legends, Antique mythology, folk floriography (the language of flowers), in the books of the Bible, or in texts on alchemy.
Herbs of the solstice – plants that have exceptional power as the Sun is at the height of its influence. On Midsummer’s Night nine species of herbs are gathered that have magical effects. They were used for cleansing, love rituals, telling the future, or as protection from evil and illness (daisy, rose, German catchfly, cornflower, sedum, hen and chicks, common thyme, violet, bellflower)
Herbs of the lunar signs – plants assigned to lunar signs are said to have healing effects for people born in the same sign
Herbs of myths and legends – since time immemorial plants were a part of myths and served as symbols which, thanks to tradition, have survived to this day (rose, ivy, laurel, violet, columbine, sweet william, mandrake, verbena, vinca, chamomile, common box, lily, myrtle, foxglove, iris, common mallow, hollyhock)
GARDEN OF BUTTERFLIES AND BEES – melliferous plants producing larger amounts of nectar to attract insects (oregano, beans, mustard, caraway, buckwheat, sunflower, lacy phacelia, tobacco, alfalfa, goldenrod)
PATCHES OF ANTIQUE HERBS – herbs used in the earliest stages of medicine and pharmacology in ancient Greece and Rome (rue, fennel, parsley, santolina, germander)
DYE PLANTS – plants that are a source of technically useable colorants needed for dying fabrics, food, wood and leather (hollyhock, yellow chamomile)
PATCHES OF LOVE – plants with aphrodisiac effects that stimulate the sexual instinct and potency. They can enhance and intensify sexual experiences.
These patches present the use of herbs for their decorative qualities in combination with ornamental perennials, grasses and bulbous plants. The ornamental patches line the view from the garden towards Valtice Chateau (lavender, sage, savory, poppy, sweet william, santolina, thyme, stachys, field scabious, hyssop).
In the undergrowth of trees there are patches of shade-loving species of herbs and shrubs (foxglove, hellebore, herb-robert, deadnettle, lady’s mantle, garlic mustard, greater celandine, yew, hazel).
The remaining large section of the garden consists of a grassy area with an ornamental cherry orchard, with adjacent little spaces of ornamental herb patches or a patch for sampling various herbs (wild rocket, nasturtium, rukola, purslane, sorrel, watercress, broccoli rabe, mizuna, mustard, edible chrysanthemum, buckwheat, amaranth).
Come to be inspired…